MEDICAL-BENEFITS


MEDICAL-BENEFITS

Insured persons and their dependants are entitled to full medical care from day one of taking up employment in any factory or establishment covered under the ESI Act 1948. The comprehensive package includes primary medical care, specialists and diagnostic services, in-patient care with provision for all super specialist facilities.

The scheme provides full range of medical care, namely;

  • Out-Patient services
  • Diagnostic services
  • Specialists services
  • Hospital service through a network of ESI dispensaries & Panel clinics, diagnostic centers and ESI Hospitals.etc
The package covers all aspects of health care from primary to super-specialist facilities as detailed below:-

  • Out patient treatment
  • Domiciliary treatment
  • Super-speciality treatment
  • Specialist consultation and diagnostic facilities
  • In-Patient treatment
  • Free supply of drugs and dressings.
  • X-ray and laboratory investigations
  • Vaccination and preventive inoculations
  • Ante-natal care, confinement and post natal care
  • Ambulance Service or conveyance charges for going to hospitals, diagnostic
  • centers, etc. wherever admissible
  • Free diet during admission in hospitals
  • Free supply of artificial limbs, aids and appliances for physical rehabilitation
  • Family welfare services and other national health programe services
  • Medical certification
  • Special provisions including super-speciality treatment.
  • For super-speciality treatment such as

Open Heart Surgery, Neuro Surgery, Bone Marrow Transplant, Kidney Transplant or specialized investigations like CAT scan, MRI, Angiography etc.

Referral arrangements have been made with the reputed , premier hospitals of the country. The total cost of such treatment, diagnostic facilities or surgical intervention is borne by the ESI Scheme.

Though medical care is provided, by and large, to the beneficiaries in modern system of medicine (Allopathic), facilities in indigenous systems such as (i) Ayurveda (ii) Unani (iii) Homoeopathy & Siddha are also being provided to the insured persons, on demand in many areas

Extension of medical cover to the Retired and Disabled Insured Persons and their spouses (Rule 60 & 61 of ESI Central Rules - 1950).

The scheme also provides for a comprehensive medical cover to the retired and disabled insured persons and their spouses on pre-payment of a nominal contribution of Rs.120/- per annum, per couple, provided that the insured person was in continuous insurable employment for at least 5 years before retirement. The scheme, thus, offers total medical cover to the retired and disabled employees without any upper ceiling on expenditure at a very low premium when compared with medical cover schemes introduced by some other insurance agencies in the business of medical insurance.


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APPLICABILITY OF THE ACT & SCHEME:

 Is extended in area-wise to factories using power and employing 10 or more persons and to non-power using manufacturing units and establish-ments employing 20 or more person upto Rs.15,000/- per month w.e.f. 01.04.10. It has also been extend-ed upon shops, hotels, restaurants, roads motor transport undertakings, equip-ment maintenance staff in the hospitals.

COVERAGE OF EMPLOYEES:

 Drawing wages Upto Rs.15,000/- per month Engaged either directly or thru’ contractor

RATE OF CONTRIBUTION OF THE WAGES:

 Employers’ 4.75%

 Employees’ 1.75%

MANNER AND TIME LIMIT FOR MAKING PAYMENT OF CONTRIBUTION:

 The total amount of contribution (employee’s share and employer’s share) is to be deposited with the authorized bank through a challan in the prescribed form in quadruplicate on ore before 21st of month following the calendar month in which the wages fall due.

BENEFITS TO THE EMPLOYEES UNDER THE ACT:

 Medical Benefit
 Sickness Benefit(SB)
 Maternity Benefit(MB)
 Disablement Benefit
 Dependants’ Benefit(DB)
 Funeral Expenses

 In addition, the scheme also provides some other need based benefits to insured workers.

WAGES FOR ESI CONTRIBUTIONS:

 Registers/files to be maintained by the employers

CONTRIBUTION PERIOD:

 If the person joined insurance employment for the first time, say on 5th January, his first contribution period will be from 5th January to 31st March and his corresponding first benefit will be from 5th October to 31st December.

TO BE DEEMED AS WAGES:

• Basic pay
• Dearness allowance
• House rent allowance
• City compensatory allowance
• Overtime wages (but not to be taken into account for determining the coverage of an employee)
• Payment for day of rest
• Production incentive
• Bonus other than statutory bonus
• Night shift allowance
• Heat, Gas & Dust allowance
• Payment for unsubstituted holidays
• Meal/food allowance
• Suspension allowance
• Lay off compensation
• Children education allowance (not being reimbursement for actual tuition fee)

NOT TO BE DEEMED AS WAGES:

• Contribution paid by kthe employer to any pension/provident fund or under ESI Act.
• Sum paid to defray special expenses entailed by the nature of employment – Daily allowance paid for the period spent on tour.
• Gratuity payable on discharge.
• Pay in lieu of notice of retrenchment compensation
• Benefits paid under the ESI Scheme.
• Encashment of leave
• Payment of Inam which does not form part of the terms of employment.
• Washing allowance for livery
• Conveyance Amount towards reimbursement for duty related journey

PENALTIES :

 Different punishment have been prescribed for different types of offences in terms of Section 85: (I) (six months imprisonment and fine Rs.5000), (ii) (one year imprisonment and fine), and 85-A: (five years imprisonment and not less to 2 years) and 85-C (2) of the ESI Act, which are self explanatory. Besides these provisions, action also can be taken under section 406 of the IPC in cases where an employer deducts contributions from the wages of his employees but does not pay the same to the corporation which amounts to criminal breach of trust.

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